We consider Planet Earth as a rotating sphere, which is covered by oceans and the atmosphere. Earth constantly receives energy through solar radiation. However, the energy is not evenly distributed. Clouds or ice surfaces reflect sunlight, whereas air above dark land heats up quickly. This uneven distribution of energy sets fluids (like atmosphere and oceans) in motion and determines our climate.
The summer school 'Physics of the Climate System' consists of three basic parts:
• Core lectures
• Thematic talks
• Project work
Each morning there will be two lectures on core subjects, appropriately illustrated with some practical demonstrations. They are followed by an exercise session in which further understanding of the material is developed.
We start with an introduction to the phenomena observed in the atmosphere and oceans and their general structure. The energy balance of the Earth system and the interaction of solar and terrestrial radiation with atmospheric constituents (e.g. greenhouse gases, clouds, aerosols) receives due attention.
After this introductory part we continue from elementary physics such as Newton’s law and the conservation of mass and energy, to derive the governing equations that describe the motions of the atmosphere and the oceans on the rotating Earth. Simplifications to these equations lead to concepts like geostrophy and thermal wind. Other topics covered are vorticity, shallow water equations, “Rossby waves”, and turbulent friction, which is important in the atmospheric boundary layer.
There will be a program of talks by local specialists on interesting and important topics chosen from the five research themes of the Institute for Marine and Atmospheric research in Utrecht. These themes are:
• Ice and climate
• Ocean circulation and climate
• Atmospheric physics and chemistry
• Atmospheric dynamics and boundary layer meteorology
• Physical geography and oceanography of the coastal zone
The talks will be informal and are aimed at providing you with up-to-date insight into the work of researchers here in Utrecht.
Participants work in groups of two on a research project of their choice. The project can cover a topic from the entire scope of research themes at IMAU: from modeling the dynamics of El Niño to hands-on work in the lab. Students finish their course with a presentation of the project results to IMAU-staff and fellow students.
The course is concluded by an awarding ceremony by the course director dr. Elena Popa, who hands out the course certificates.
Early bird reduction of €100 for applications before May 1, 2018.